Using elastics, also known as rubber bands, helps improve the fit of your upper and lower teeth. It is important to wear your rubber bands as instructed by your orthodontist to increase the overall necessary treatment time.
Headgear is often used to treat overbites and underbites. The Forsus Fatigue Resistant Device is commonly used as an alternative to headgear. It can help promote healthy growth in adolescents, which often improves the fit of teeth and may even prevent the need for jaw surgery.
The Herbst® appliance helps to reduce a patient’s overbite. It pulls the lower jaw forward, while simultaneously pushing the upper molars backward. This kind of appliance is used most often for younger children. It is most commonly worn for about 12-15 months.
The palatal expander does exactly as the name would suggest. It expands the upper jaw through the use of pressure on the upper molars. Your orthodontist will be able to provide you with proper direction regarding when and how to adjust your palatal expander. After the proper expansion has been achieved, you will have to wear the appliance for a few months to prevent any regression from occurring.
Carrier Motion 3D is a fixed appliance used to correct a class II (overbite) jaw discrepancy with removable elastics in the first 3-5 months of treatment before braces are place, to drastically reduce treatment time overall.
Habit appliances are designed to offset the problems caused primarily by thumb or tongue habits. If detected early enough, these appliances can help reverse the problems that are typically associated by the habit. Some of these problems include severe flaring of the upper incisors, developing an anterior open bite, constriction of the maxilla, creating a posterior crossbite or possible CL II relationship. Some appliances are designed in a way that prevents the tongue from crossing into the occlusal plane or thrusting past the incisal edge. Other designs are intended to eliminate palatal suction and/or make it uncomfortable for patient who consistently suck their fingers or thumb.
There are multiple kinds of retainers that are used after orthodontic treatment. These retainers are available in both removable and fixed varieties. They help ensure that your teeth remain in their new positions after they have been straightened. Your orthodontist will ensure that you know how to properly care for your retainer, as well as how long the retainer will need to be worn. Wearing it as directed is absolutely necessary to prevent regression of your orthodontic treatment.
Separators or Spacers
These appliances are essentially small rubber doughnuts. They are placed between your teeth in order to push them apart, making room for the placement of orthodontic bands. Stick foods, toothpicks, and floss should not be used near these separators.